On Dec. 5, the National Baseball Hall of Fames Early
Baseball Era committee will meet at the winter meetings in Orlando, to vote on who
they think from a 10-player ballot should be entered into the famed museum in
Cooperstown, New York.
Two baseball historians said Saturday morning that
Carrabelle native Buck ONeil has a good chance of making it this time.
Im hearing theres pressure to get him into the Hall of
Fame, said author Wes Singletary Saturday morning at a program on the life of
the famed Negro Leaguer, sponsored by the Carrabelle History Museum, that he presented along
with baseball aficionado Josh Weaver at C-Quarters Marina.
In addition to ONeil, the Early Baseball Era ballot, which
is considered only once every 10 years, features candidates whose primary
contributions came before 1950. Seven of the 10, who also John Donaldson, Bud
Fowler, Vic Harris, Grant Home Run Johnson, Dick Cannonball Redding and
George Tubby Scales, were stars in the Negro Leagues or pre-Negro Leagues. American
and National Leaguers Bill Dahlen, Lefty ODoul and Allie Reynolds round out
A separate Golden Days Era ballot features candidates
whose primary contributions came between 1950-69. Three players in that group –
Jim Kaat, Tony Oliva and Maury Wills – are still living. The other seven
candidates are Dick Allen, Ken Boyer, Gil Hodges, Roger Maris, Minnie Miñoso,
Danny Murtaugh and Billy Pierce.
If John Jordan “Buck” O’Neil, born in Carrabelle
Nov. 13, 1911, enters the Hall, it will not be his first appearance within that
venerated building. In 2008, two years after ONeil missed being voted in by a
single vote, the Hall introduced the Buck O’Neil Lifetime Achievement Award,
which features a permanent, life-size bronze statue of the former first baseman
and manager for the Kansas City Monarchs, who went on to become one of the
first African-American scouts, and later coaches, in the majors.
Singletary, a history instructor at Chiles High School and
professor at Tallahassee Community College, offered a detailed recounting of ONeils
life, in the first of a series of talks that will include one in January on the Shipwrecks
of Dog Island, and later ones on turpentine and sponge industry.
Launching into his talk after an introduction from Tamara
Allen, the museums director, Singletary told how ONeil, the grandson of
slaves, went to school in Carrabelle to age 9, before the family moved to
Sarasota where his father worked in the celery fields.
Back in the 1920s, Tampa was one of only a few cities in
Florida where Blacks were provided an education through high school.
ONeil recounted in his life story how he worked as a box
boy carrying celery crates, and during spring training, would take in major
league games, where he saw the likes of Babe Ruth, Lefty Grove, Walter Johnson
and Dizzy Dean.
He worshipped them, he idolized them, said Singletary,
noting ONeil once described the crack of Babe Ruths (bat) was like a
small stick of dynamite going off.
ONeils took his nephew to Palm Beach, where at such places
as the Royal Poinciana Hotel, Blacks worked as porters as well as played for
the hotel teams there.
ONeil did not earn his school diploma from the segregated Sarasota
High School, which decades later would honor him by bestowing him one. Rather,
ONeil earned his diploma, and two years of higher education, at Edward Waters
College, a private Christian historically Black university in Jacksonville.
After that his career included playing first base in 1933
for the Black Smokers, a semi-pro team in Tampa; for the Miami Giants in 1934; and
in 1935 for the New York Tigers, a Miami-based ballclub that used to go around
and tell people they came from New York, Singletary said.
ONeil played ball in Denver, Colorado and Wichita, Kansas,
where he first met his legendary future teammate Satchel Paige.
In 1936, O’Neil played for the Shreveport (Louisiana) Acme
Giants and even spent time in the Mexican League, but returned to the states
after his team failed to win their pennant. Thats a tough league, O’Neil would later joke. When they deport you when they lose.
ONeil played for the Memphis Red Sox in 1937, and later for
the Zulu Cannibal Giants, a team owned by Abe Saperstein, founder of the Harlem
Globetrotters. We acted like a bunch of fools to draw white folks to the park,
ONeil said. We would do anything to play ball. We became accustomed to racism.
Signed in 1938 to the Kansas City Monarchs, ONeil was a
part of that legendary team for the next 17 years, and was a frequent visitor
to the citys 18th and Vine neighborhood that became renowned for its jazz
musicians. There he rubbed elbows with the likes of poet Langston Hughes, and heard
a chubby cat, saxophonist Charlie Parker, perform his genius.
At 18th and Vine, you couldnt toss a baseball without
hitting a musician, ONeil said.
Singletary recounted tales of the Monarch teams from 1939 to
1942, which included Josh Gibson and Paige on its roster.
In 1943, ONeil hit for the cycle against the Memphis Red
Sox, but as great an accomplishment as that was, he said what made it his
best day was that he met schoolteacher Ora Lee Owens.
Following a stint as a stevedore in the Navy during World
War II, ONeal returned home and married Owens, who was his lifelong companion
for the next 51 years.
In his memoirs, ONeil recalled following the Negro Leagues during the war in clippings from the Black press, and of the day in 1945, when his commanding officer
told him Jackie Robinson had signed a contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers
to become the first Black major leaguer.
Overjoyed, ONeil jumped on the intercom and announced the
news to the crew. We started hollering and shouting and firing our guns into
the air, he remembered. It didnt matter who was the first or which team had
the courage; this was the real first step toward integration, toward equality,
since maybe Reconstruction.
After leaving the Monarchs, ONeil went on to become a
scout for the Chicago Cubs, and later a coach for the Kansas City Royals. Among
the players he is credited with discovering were Ernie Banks, Lee Smith, Joe
Carter, Billy Williams, Elston Howard, Lou Brock and Oscar Gamble.
Ora Lee ONeil lived long enough to see the realization of
her husbands dream, with the founding of the Negro League Baseball Museum in
Kansas City, Missouri. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of
Freedom in 2006.
All thats left is a few of us, and were losing them every
year, he wrote at the time as the idea of a museum gathered momentum. Were
going to preserve stuff thats in attics and going to rot and guys grandkids
are going to throw out.
In 1994, ONeil became an overnight sensation for the starring
role he played in Ken Burns television documentary on baseball.
Its kind of nice to be discovered when you are 82 years
old, ONeil quipped.
Known for his wit and good humor as an ambassador for the
great American pastime, ONeil was regarded for his upbeat manner. People ask
me: How do you keep from being bitter? he wrote. Man, bitterness will eat you
up inside. Hatred will eat you up inside. Dont be bitter. Dont hate.
My grandfather was a slave. He was not bitter. I learned
that from him, ONeil wrote in his autobiography. And you know what? I
wouldnt trade my life for anybodys. Ive had so many blessings in my life. I
dont want people to be sad for me when I go. Be sad for the kids who die
young. You shouldnt feel sad for a man who lived his dream. You know what I
always say? I was right on time.
Weaver showed off a trove of memorabilia that included reproductions
of ONeils uniforms with the Monarchs and the Royals, as well as baseball
cards, bobblehead dolls, and a signed bat and signed ball, all of which is now
on loan at the Carrabelle museum.